Saturday, October 7, 2017

Atherosclerosis in the elderly people

Atherosclerosis means hardening of the arteries. It affects the medium and large arteries in the human body. Cholesterol, fatty substances and waste products in body cells, calcium and fibrin form plaques and clot the inner walls of the skin causing hard and narrow arteries.It affects blood flow and creates severe life-threatening complications causing blockade in blood flow through the arteries. It creates problems in normal oxygen flow to the heart, lungs and other areas of the body and chest pain, leg pain, neck pain, headache,  heart attack and death of muscle cells take place causing permanent heart damage and stroke.

Monday, September 25, 2017

Arthritis in the elderly

Arthritis i.e.joint inflammation is a very common disease from which the old people suffer in almost large numbers.There are many health conditions that affect the joints and body muscles of the old people.Arthritis is of nearly 100 types of which Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are the most common ones.There is an aching pain in the joints when it is rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. Women are more affected in this disease.The joints, knees, and hips are usually affected by this type of arthritis.Rheumatoid arthritis is the inflammatory condition causing joint destruction, pain, and stiffness.This problem usually starts between the age of 45 to 65 years.

Dermatomyositis(DM) in the Elderly

Dermatomyositis is one type of rare muscle inflammatory disease.It is to note that myopathy is a muscle disease and is known as myositis.Myositis is an inflammatory muscle disease.It mostly affects the muscles of the hips, thighs, upper arms, upper areas of the back, the shoulder and the neck.Nearly two times of women are affected by this disease than men.The majority number of people of the age of 50 years to 70 years and children of the age between 5 to 15 years are victims of this disease. Nearly two times of women/girls are affected by this disease than men/boys.

Wednesday, September 13, 2017

Osteoarthritis in the elderly

Osteoarthritis is a joint problem in which there are stiffness and pain in the joints.  The causes of osteoarthritis are not completely known. Increase in body weight causes pressure on the knees and the hips and such increase in body weight increases the risk of causing osteoarthritis.

Thursday, August 31, 2017

Conductive hearing loss in the elderly

Conductive hearing loss is a hearing problem. It causes blockage in the passing of sound waves through the outer ear, eardrum or middle ear to the inner ear. Normal hearing is of the range of 0 to 20 decibels while mild hearing loss ranges from 21 to 40 decibels, moderate hearing loss ranges from 41 to 55 decibels, moderately severe hearing loss ranges from 56 to 70 decibels, severe hearing loss ranges from 71 to 90 decibels and profound hearing loss is greater than 90 decibels.

Tuesday, August 29, 2017

Color blindness in the elderly

Color blindness is a problem that causes trouble in viewing red, green and blue colors or combination of them.People suffering from color blindness can not differentiate among different colors.It is known as color vision problem also.Elderly people loose vision power and gradually fail to differentiate among different colors.

Thursday, August 17, 2017

Colorectal cancer in the ederly

We know that cancer is abnormal growth of cells that spread to other areas of the body. Colorectal cancer is also known as bowel cancer and colon cancer.It starts from the large intestine or the rectum.Liver and lungs are the most common sites of colorectal cancer. This problem is seen in elderly people from 50 years and above.This type of cancer has five stages as below:
 *Stage 0: Early stage of cancer in the innermost layer of the intestine;
 *Stage 1: Cancer in the inner layer of the colon;
 *Stage 2: Cancer that spreads in muscle wall of the colon;
 *Stage 3: Cancer that spreads to the lymph nodes;
 *Stage 4: Cancer that spreads to other organs of the body.
The cancer of the last stage is not a curable problem.Complications in this disease include colon blockage leading to bowel obstruction

Sunday, August 13, 2017

Atrial fibrillation in the Elderly

Atrial fibrillation is a problem with irregular, rapid and abnormal heart beat increasing risks of stroke,heart disease, heart palpitation, fainting,short breathing,chest pain with risks of heart failure, dementia,etc.

Wednesday, August 9, 2017

Analplastic thyroid cancer in the elderly people

Analplastic thyroid cancer(ATC) is the most aggressive type of cancer.This type of cancer has poor forecast  and poor treatment facilities.Thyroid cancer  is of four categories namely Analplastic thyroid cancer,Papillary thyroid cancer,  Follicular thyroid cancer and Medullary thyroid cancer. Analplastic thyroid cancer can affect the elderly people of  65 years and above.Most people can survive for more than six months.Very few patients survive up to 5 to 6 years  in rare cases.This problem can develop after many years from radiation exposure. This type of cancer is inoperable.It is rare in younger people and children. Male people are more  attacked with this type of cancer than women. In course  of time,it develops in other areas of the body like bones,lungs and brain.

Wednesday, August 2, 2017

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in the elderly people

The largest blood vessel in the human body is the aorta. It carries and circulates blood from the heart to all other areas of the body like chest, arms, legs, abdomen, etc. The aortic walls bulge out like a small balloon and create a position known as Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA).Abdominal Aortic  Aneurysm(AAA) is not a problem creator all the time but a broken or ruptured aneurysm may be life-threatening.In fine, the aorta is the main circulator of the blood stream and a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm can cause life-threatening bleeding.
  Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms(AAA) are classified on the basis of size and speed of growth.The
 small or slow-growing Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm is less than 5.5 centimeters and has lower risks of rupture which are considered by the physicians as safer than those with larger Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms. Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms larger than 5.5 centimeters are at higher risks of rupture leading to internal bleeding with other complications.

Saturday, July 1, 2017

Paralysis in the elderly people

Paralysis is a body condition in which the muscle can not move freely. In this condition, feeling and sensation in the nerves and the spinal cord connected  with the human brain is lost.The spine  is made of 24 vertebrae.Paralysis is classified as localized paralysis (when any part of the body like hand or face) and generalized paralysis (when the large portion of the body is affected). There are some other sub-types of paralysis like monoplegia (when one limb is affected), hemiplegia (when one side of the body is affected), paraplegia (when both the legs and the pelvis of the body are affected) and quadriplegia ( when the legs and the arms are paralyzed).Permanent paralysis is the result of some serious injuries in the neck. Partial paralysis is caused when a man with some muscular sensation can move only one leg.And when he can not move his muscles due to complete loss of sensation, it is complete paralysis.Some harmful drugs,poisoning, accidents, infections, and tumors may cause paralysis also.Its mains causes are discussed below:

Sunday, June 4, 2017

Hemorrhoids in the elderly people

  Hemorrhoids also known as piles is a disease in which the older adults experience bleeding from the rectum or if a bright blood is found in the stool, it may be called Hemorrhoid. This is not a life-threatening disease. A hemorrhoid is a swollen or inflamed vein around the lower rectum or anus.This is a common problem in the elderly people between 45 to 65 years of age. .Hemorrhoids are two types-
              * internal hemorrhoid that originates from the rectum; and
              * external hemorrhoid that originates from the anus.
 Internal hemorrhoids are usually painless while external hemorrhoids may cause itching, pain, and bleeding. External hemorrhoids form under the skin around the anus.Both men and women are equal sufferers of the hemorrhoids problem.

Wednesday, May 31, 2017

Adhesive capsulitis in the elderly people

   Adhesive capsulitis also known as the frozen shoulder is stiffness, chronic pain, and inflammation of the shoulder capsule causing restricted movement of the shoulder. The condition is associated with pain worsening at night and when there is cold. It occurs in people of 40 years or above.